Children

Although the children (below 18 years), constitute 38.8% of the total population of the State, their status is low. The main cause is that still ‘child right’ has not been accepted generously, more in the poorer families. Acts like ‘Universal Education Rights to children’ is a break-through for the State towards taking responsibility and one of the pioneer steps of acknowledgement to International Convention on Rights of the Children. But things could never be going to change easily, as long as ‘children’ are considered as mere recipients not participants of the processes.

Some of the facts are as below :-

bullet In 0-6 years aged children, the number of female children is 952 per 1000 male children.
bullet Barely 14% of births are properly registered indicating the name, nationality and parenthood.
bullet In every 1000 live births, 77 children die before attaining 1 year of age. 47 newborn babies dies in every 1000 live births before 28-days of life. 54.4% babies are under weight at the time of birth.
bullet 61.71% of 0-3 years aged children are suffering from either type of malnutrition.
bullet Out of every 100 enrolled children, 32 dropout before completing primary education. The rate of dropout in Primary Level among Scheduled Tribe children stands at 52 percent. Out of every 68 children completing primary education, 33 are dropped before the completion of upper primary.
bullet 55% children of Scheduled Caste & 69.5% children of Scheduled Tribes have dropped out of school.
bullet 23% of girls are married before attaining the legal age of marriage of 18 years. It is more than 40% in the district of Malkanagiri, Nabarangpur, Koraput, Boudh and Gajapati.
bullet Out of every 1000 children 0-14 years of aged group, 20 suffer from either type of disability.

Besides there are other issues which child labour, child trafficking, child abuse (sexual, emotional and physical) which are highly prevalent in many pockets. We primarily involved with such issues, with special preference to those families, where the child needs alternative care or suffers from father-migration or HIV/AIDs affected families.
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